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Polymer-Directed Assembly of Single Crystal Zinc Oxide/ Magnetite Nanocom-posites under Atmospheric and Hydrothermal Conditions.

Kulak, Alexander and Grimes, Rebecca and Kim, Yi-Yeoun and Semsarilar, Mona and Anduix-Canto, Clara and Cespedes, Oscar and Armes, Steven P. and Meldrum, Fiona C. (2016) Polymer-Directed Assembly of Single Crystal Zinc Oxide/ Magnetite Nanocom-posites under Atmospheric and Hydrothermal Conditions. University of Leeds. [Dataset] https://doi.org/10.5518/111

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Within the field of crystal growth it is recognized that secondary species can sometimes be occluded within a growing crystal according to the crystallization conditions and pairing of the additive and host crystal. This article takes inspiration from this phenomenon to create multifunctional inorganic nanocomposites with unique structures – inorganic single crystals containing embedded inorganic nanoparticles. Using magnetite (Fe3O4)/ ZnO as a suitable test system, ZnO crystals are precipitated from aqueous solution at 90 oC and atmospheric pressure in the presence of Fe3O4 nanoparticles functionalized with anionic diblock copolymers. Analysis of product nanocomposite crystals using atomic absorption spectroscopy shows that the Fe3O4 nanoparti-cles are embedded within the ZnO single crystal hosts at levels of approximately 10 wt%, while TEM analysis shows that there is no apparent discontinuity between the nanoparticles and host crystal matrix. Importantly, we then demonstrate that this occlu-sion approach can also be employed under hydrothermal conditions at 160 oC, without a loss in occlusion efficiency. This offers an important advance on our previous occlusion studies, which were all conducted at room temperature, and vastly increases the range of target materials that can be generated using our synthesis approach. Finally, measurement of the magnetic properties of these nanocomposites shows that they retain the attractive features of the wide band-gap semiconductor ZnO, while benefit-ing from added magnetism.

Keywords: nanocomposite, zinc oxide, magnetite, magnetism,  single crystal, encapsulation
Subjects: F000 - Physical sciences > F100 - Chemistry > F160 - Organic chemistry > F162 - Polymer chemistry
F000 - Physical sciences > F100 - Chemistry > F120 - Inorganic chemistry
F000 - Physical sciences > F200 - Materials science
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Physical Sciences > School of Chemistry
Faculty of Mathematics and Physical Sciences > School of Physics and Astronomy
Related resources:
LocationType
http://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b03563Publication
http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/105316/Publication
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Date deposited: 19 Oct 2016 09:07
URI: http://archive.researchdata.leeds.ac.uk/id/eprint/88

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