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Dataset associated with ‘Not all feldspars are equal: a survey of ice nucleating properties across the feldspar group of minerals'

Harrison, Alexander D and Whale, Thomas and Carpenter, Michael A and Holden, Mark and Neve, Lesley and O'Sullivan, Daniel and Temprado, Jesus Vergara and Murray, Benjamin (2016) Dataset associated with ‘Not all feldspars are equal: a survey of ice nucleating properties across the feldspar group of minerals'. University of Leeds. [Dataset]

Dataset description

Mineral dust particles from wind-blown soils are known to act as effective ice nucleating particles in the atmosphere and are thought to play an important role in the glaciation of mixed phase clouds. Recent work suggests that feldspars are the most efficient nucleators of the minerals commonly present in atmospheric mineral dust. However, the feldspar group of minerals is complex, encompassing a range of chemical compositions and crystal structures. To further investigate the ice-nucleating properties of the feldspar group we measured the ice nucleation activities of 15 well-characterised feldspar samples. We show that alkali feldspars, in particular the potassium feldspars, generally nucleate ice more efficiently than feldspars containing significant amounts of calcium in the plagioclase series. We also find that there is variability in ice nucleating ability within these groups. While five out of six potassium-rich feldspars have a similar ice nucleating ability, one potassium rich feldspar sample and one sodium-rich feldspar sample were significantly more active. The hyper-active Na-feldspar was found to lose activity with time suspended in water with a decrease in mean freezing temperature of about 16 °C over 16 months; the mean freezing temperature of the hyper-active K-feldspar decreased by 2 °C over 16 months, whereas the ‘standard’ K-feldspar did not change activity within the uncertainty of the experiment. These results, in combination with a review of the available literature data, are consistent with the previous findings that potassium feldspars are important components of soil dusts for ice nucleation. However, we also show that there is the possibility that some alkali feldspars can have enhanced ice nucleating abilities, which could have implications for prediction of ice nucleating particle concentrations in the atmosphere.

Subjects: F000 - Physical sciences > F300 - Physics > F330 - Environmental physics > F331 - Atmospheric physics
F000 - Physical sciences > F100 - Chemistry > F170 - Physical chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Environment > School of Earth and Environment > Institute for Climate and Atmospheric Science
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Date deposited: 02 Sep 2016 12:27



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